Energy Explained

Energy is the foundation of our modern lives. But what if you flipped a switch and the lights didn’t come on? Learn more about where the energy comes from that warms our homes, powers our cars, charges our smart devices, and even mines crypto. You may be surprised.

Energy Mix

From electric vehicles to phone chargers, there is a growing movement to “electrify” everything in our daily lives. But where does this electricity come from? Today, the U.S. electric grid is powered by a mix of energy sources, including natural gas, nuclear, solar, wind, coal and hydropower. When you plug in your cell phone or electric vehicle to recharge, these sources provide the power.

So, what if your electric bill tripled this month? For some Americans, this spike might be manageable. But for many, it could boil down to choosing between paying energy bills or buying groceries. To provide everyone with affordable and reliable power, the electric grid is powered by a mix of different energy sources. A sudden shift in energy resources could make rolling blackouts the new norm or skyrocket our electricity prices.


A Move to 100% Renewables?

The midstream industry supports our country’s use of renewable energy sources like wind and solar. However, no large-scale grid in the world can run on 100% renewable energy yet. We rely on a mix of energy sources to balance out demand fluctuations each season, each day and even from minute to minute. Removing any current energy sources too quickly would result in unreliable and unaffordable energy. The lower-income population would bear the greatest burden of energy inequality, unable to afford high energy bills, and could get left in the dark.

Germany’s Energy Transition

After spending more than $240 billion on renewable projects for a decade, Germany increased solar and wind energy from 8% to 31% and shut down three nuclear plants. The result: German consumers pay the highest electricity prices in Europe(1). Before Russia invaded Ukraine, Germany received more than 50% of its natural gas imports from Russia, but that resource has now been nearly blocked. The sudden change in energy supply and concerns about reliability and security led German leaders to reopen coal and nuclear energy production plants that had been out of operation. This is an example of why nations need to use a diverse mix of energy resources to provide reliable and affordable energy.

(1) Electricity Prices in Europe – Who pays the most? [2010 – 2021] (

The Future of Energy

What if we could harness today’s infrastructure for a cleaner tomorrow? Midstream’s goal is to continue providing affordable and reliable energy to all 332 million Americans, enable energy exports to nations around the globe and ensure no one is left behind. Midstream supports adding new and innovative resources, such as nuclear fusion and hydrogen, to the energy mix. Some call this the “energy addition” since it is more efficient and stable to add resources instead of removing them because energy demand will continue to grow into the future.

Reducing Greenhouse Gases

What if we could take climate warming gases out of the atmosphere? For decades, the midstream industry has invested hundreds of millions of dollars toward the technologies and innovations that allow us to capture emissions before they enter the atmosphere. The future is looking even cleaner with the development of “direct air capture” or capturing carbon dioxide and putting it in a safe, long-term storage to reduce negative emissions in the atmosphere.

As our mix of energy sources has changed, emissions of greenhouse gases that impact our environment have dropped [reference]. Over the past three decades, the U.S. cut emissions while simultaneously increasing electric power generation. This was achieved primarily by boosting the use of natural gas. In addition, midstream companies are investing in research to develop and deploy innovative technologies such as carbon capture and removal, advanced monitoring and leak detection.


Chart source: EPA Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2020 (pg 45)

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